Zardozi Embroidery is a form of embroidery which came from Persia to India. The word zardozi came from two words, “zar,” meaning gold, and “dozi,” meaning embroidery. This Zardozi Embroidery was used to decorate the attire of the Kings and the royals families in India.
Zardosi Work involves making elegant designs using gold and silver threads, which is handwork. To add more elegance and magnificence to the work, the precious stones and pearls are added.
Zardozi is a variety of massive and elegant element decoration embroidery on imported fabric like silk, velvet, or satin and tissue fabric base. Designs are usually produced using gold and silver type of thin copper materials, threads and become include beads, pearls, and costly stones. Initially, the embroidery was created with pure real gold wires and silver leaves.
In ancient times, this Zardosi Work was done with the pure silver wires and real gold leaves. However, nowadays, the craftsman makes use of a combination of copper wire, with a golden or silver polish, and a silk thread to get work done.
Center of the Zardosi embroidery in India
Mainly Zardosi embroidery works in Farrukhabad, Delhi, Agra, Kashmir, Mumbai, Ajmer, Lucknow, Bhopal, Hyderabad, and Chennai in India.
History of Zardosi embroidery in India
As we have seen above, Zardosi Work came from Persia to India in the 17th century. At that time, Mughal Emperor Akbar was ruling under his guidance the Zardosi Work came.
Then Aurangzeb came into the rule, and then this Zardosi Work was stopped as the cost was high and raw materials quite rare, and the craftsmen were not able to carry hand embroidery work on its own.
Many craftsmen left Delhi and went to other states in search of work. However, after independence in 1947, the government of India started to promote Zardosi embroidery.
Things needed for Zardosi work
- Cotton Thread
- Zari Thread
- Bullion embroidery thread
- Thread spin
- Glass & plastic beads
- Kasaba thread
What is the Method of Zardozi Embroidery?
The process of Zardosi Work includes four steps that are as follows.
Designing: Craftsmen sitting cross-legged around the Addaa, the wooden framework, with their tools is the process of Zardosi embroidery. The devices are nothing but zari thread, needle, fabric, cotton thread, and many more. Also, they draw the complete design of the work first on the cloth.
Tracing: The second step in the process is to trace out the design on the cloth. In this, the tracing sheet is placed on the fabric and with the help of kerosene and Robin Blue solution, which is made for dipping the cloth to get the trace.
Sitting around the frame: In the third step, the fabric is stretched over the wooden frame, and the embroidery work begins. The size of the wooden frame is usually be adapted to the size of the fabric. The frame is made up of wooden or bamboo so that the cloth is easily spread over the frame.
Embroidery: The last step is to use a needle to pull out each zardozi element in the cloth, and then again, it is pulled out after integrating all elements. It depends upon the design of work and the complexity of the craftsmen’s work.
This is the process of Zardosi embroidery, how it works, and how it came to India.
Zardosi work (zardozi embroidery) is beautiful golden & silver metal embroidery which used various type of golden and silver material” which name is such as dabka, Kohara, tiki, naksi, with pearls, threads, which made on high-quality fabric by handicrafts?